How to tile a floor

If you want to know how to tile a floor, look no further. Here is a quick and easy guide for those in the dark about how to go about installing tiles.

 

Which Tiles to Choose?

The larger the area of each tile, the more resistant to water your tiled floor will be. As such, larger tiles are most suitable for bathrooms and other areas that are frequently wetted. However, larger tiles can make a small bathroom look even smaller, so medium-sized tiles may be a good compromise. Kitchens require a hard-wearing floor tile such as porcelain or natural stone.



Before you begin:

Measure the length and width of the room to be tiled. Multiply these two measurements to get the are of the floor in square metres. Divide this figure by the area of your tiles to get a rough idea of how many tiles you will need. Don’t forget to add some extra tiles to take account of breakages and mis-cuts.



You will need:

Tiles, measuring tape, chalk, grout, grout/adhesive, tile-cutter, spirit-level, tile spacers, trowel, sponge.
Laying out the room
As walls are not perfectly straight you must make a tile plan that allows the tiles to stay square.
- find the halfway point of the two longest walls and chalk a line between them.
- do the same with the shorter walls, but adjust your chalk line so that it intersects with the first chalk line at right angles. 
- place tiles along your lines, leaving a 1/16” - 2”16 inch gap for grout. If the gaps at the walls are smaller than a half-tile, adjust your layout so that there is a wider gap.
- make sure to have whole tiles at the door and around any focus points or features of the room.
Tiling
- using a trowel, spread tile adhesive or grout across a 1 metre square area, in one of the right-angles you made with your lines.
- pull the tip of the trowel across the grout/adhesive to make raised ridges.
-Lay your tiles in line with your plan. Place one edge on the grout and lower the rest of the tile onto the floor, pressing gently. Separate your tiles with plastic tile spacers at the corners.
- Working outwards from the middle of the room, spreading more grout as necessary, tile the full floor. Periodically, use a spirit level to check that your floor is level.
- Using a tile cutter, cut tiles to fill any gaps/edges and then spread grout and lay the tile pieces.
- Remove spacers and leave the grout/adhesive to set for 24 hours or as the instructions specify.
- Using a sponge or grout trowel, spread grout over the surface of your towels so that it fills the gaps between tiles.- Wipe of excess grout and leave to dry.